Exploring 2 Comprehensive Optometry Syllabus: Core Subjects, Electives, and Practical Insights

Optometry Syllabus

Optometry Syllabus, Bachelor of Science in Optometry is a comprehensive four-year undergraduate program focused on treating eye conditions and designing vision-enhancing devices like lenses and spectacles. This course covers the fundamental principles of ocular anatomy, visual acuity, and the operation of essential medical equipment crucial for optometry students and practitioners.

Graduates of the BSc Optometry program have diverse career opportunities in multinational corporations specializing in eye care products, ophthalmic lens manufacturing, eye clinics, health consultancies, and optician showrooms, among others.

For detailed information on Optometry courses, explore the following topics:

BSc Optometry Syllabus Course Details

  • Course Name: B.Sc. Optometry
  • Specializations: Vision therapy, Contact lenses, Sports vision, Occupational vision, Ocular disease, Geriatric and Pediatric optometry, Low vision, Education, and Research
  • Duration: 4 years
  • Admission Process: Entrance exam followed by counseling
  • Fees: INR 10,000 to 1 Lakh per annum
  • Top Recruiting Areas: Optician showrooms, multinational companies dealing with eye care products, Lens manufacturing units, Contact lens and ophthalmic lens industry
  • Average Salary: INR 2.5 to 8 Lakhs per annum

BSc Optometry Syllabus

Semester 1

  • Basic Accountancy
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Community and Occupational Optometry
  • Computer Basics

Semester 2

  • Contact Lens
  • Functional English and Communication
  • Geriatric Optometry and Paediatric Optometry
  • General Biochemistry & Ocular Biochemistry

Semester 3

  • General Physiology and Ocular Physiology
  • General Anatomy and Ocular Anatomy
  • Geometrical Optics
  • Hospital Procedures

Semester 4

  • Low Vision Aids
  • Mathematics
  • Hospital Procedures (Continued)
  • Nutrition

Semester 5

  • Ocular Diseases and Eye & Systemic Diseases
  • Optometric and Dispensing Optics
  • Optometric Instruments and Clinical Examination of Visual System
  • Pathology & Microbiology

Semester 6

  • Physical Optics
  • Public Relations
  • Research Methodology and Statistics
  • Squint and Binocular Vision
  • Pharmacology
  • Visual Optics

This curriculum is designed to provide students with a strong foundation in optometry, covering essential subjects ranging from clinical psychology and optics to specialized topics such as ocular diseases and pharmacology. Each semester integrates theoretical knowledge with practical training to prepare students for professional practice in the field of optometry.

BSc Optometry Subjects, Optometry Syllabus

Physical And Geometrical Optics

Students will learn about Einstein’s quantum theory, Huygens’s wave theory, properties of light, the spectrum of light, and related topics. This includes understanding optical engineering concepts.

General Anatomy And General Physiology

This subject covers the basics of human anatomy, including the structure and functioning of different systems in the body. It provides a foundation in physiology essential for understanding ocular health.

Principles Of Lighting

Students will gain knowledge of modern theories on light and color, types of light sources, illumination concepts, and fiber optics technology. This understanding is crucial for effective lighting systems and their impact on vision.

Computing And Computer Applications

This subject explores the history and characteristics of computers, functions of hardware and software tools, programming in languages like C, and identification of data types. It relates these concepts to their applications in optometry.


Students will study nutrition, balanced diet planning, classification of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins from various sources. The role of macro and micro minerals in relation to eye health defects will also be examined.

Optometric Optics

This subject covers types and properties of optical lenses, their classification based on physics principles, and knowledge of spectacle frames. It integrates theoretical optics with practical applications in optometry.

Ocular Diseases

Students will understand eye anatomy, analyze vision quality, and identify various eye conditions such as tumors, conjunctiva disorders, and corneal diseases.

Clinical Examination of Visual System

Topics include basics of ophthalmology, symptoms and testing methodologies in visual system examinations, steps involved in ophthalmic treatment, and various techniques of ophthalmoscopy.

Clinical Psychology

This subject introduces students to clinical psychology principles, sensation and perception, psychological factors influencing patient behavior, counseling methodologies, and rehabilitation techniques.


Students will learn about the basics of glaucoma, clinical examination procedures specific to glaucoma, and diagnosis of different types of this eye condition.

These subjects collectively equip students with a comprehensive understanding of optometry, integrating scientific knowledge with practical skills necessary for professional practice in eye care.

BSc Optometry Syllabus in Kerala University of Health Sciences (KUHS)Optometry Syllabus

Basic Science Course

  • English
  • Physics
  • Basics in Applied Chemistry
  • Mathematics
  • General Anatomy
  • Ocular Anatomy
  • General Physiology
  • Ocular Physiology
  • Information Technology
  • Nutrition & Biochemistry
  • Microbiology
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology

Core Courses

  • Optometric Optics
  • Clinical Examination of Visual Systems & Instruments
  • Visual Optics
  • Systemic Diseases Medicine
  • Eye Diseases
  • Contact Lens
  • Low Vision Aid and Dispensing Optics & Mechanical Optics
  • Binocular Vision & Squint
  • Community Optometry
  • Project

BSc Optometry Syllabus in Alagappa University

Semester 1 & 2

  • English
  • General Anatomy and Physiology
  • General and Ocular Biochemistry
  • Geometric Optics
  • Nutrition
  • Computers
  • Ocular Anatomy
  • Ocular Physiology
  • Physical Optics
  • Microbiology and Pathology
  • Environmental Studies

Semester 3 & 4

  • English
  • Visual Optics
  • Ocular Diseases 1 & 2
  • Optometric Instrumentation 1 & 2
  • General and Ocular Pharmacology
  • Value Education
  • Clinical Examination of the Visual System
  • Clinical 2 Practical

Semester 5 & 6

  • Contact Lenses 1 & 2
  • Binocular Vision 1 & 2
  • Pediatric and Geriatric Optometry
  • Low Vision Aid
  • Dispensing Optics
  • Occupational Optometry
  • Public Health and Community Optometry
  • Biostatistics
  • Clinical 3 & 4 Practical

BSc Optometry Syllabus Entrance in AIIMS

The entrance syllabus includes topics in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and General Knowledge, focusing on foundational concepts relevant to optometry.

BSc Optometry Syllabus in Bharathiar University

The syllabus includes clinical optics, orthoptics & vision therapy, clinical optometry, advanced contact lens, ophthalmic imaging, advanced glaucoma, special clinics, elective papers, and project work.

BSc Optometry Syllabus in GITAM University

Students study anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, community medicine, psychology, pharmacology, microbiology, pathology, optometry, general medicine, general surgery, and various aspects of clinical optometry across multiple semesters.

These programs provide a comprehensive blend of theoretical knowledge and practical training, preparing students for diverse careers in optometry and related fields.

BSc Optometry Course Structure

The curriculum of the BSc Optometry program has been meticulously designed after evaluating various optometry schools’ patterns and addressing the current eye care needs in India. It comprises core subjects, electives, and a comprehensive year-long internship.

BSc Optometry Syllabus: Teaching Methods

The program aims to equip optometrists with extensive knowledge, skills, and analytical abilities in diagnosing, planning treatment, managing visual defects and impairments, and co-managing ocular conditions.

BSc Optometry Syllabus Projects

Projects in the BSc Optometry program serve as crucial practical experiences that allow students to apply theoretical knowledge firsthand. Examples of project topics include:

  • Vision Impairment and Chronic Disease
  • Comparative study of the effect of Glucose and salt intake on tear production
  • Review of evidence from the Cochrane Eyes and Vision
  • Assessment based on the evaluation of ready-made spectacles
  • Assessment based on the evaluation of online spectacles
  • Correlation Between Myopia (or Hyperopia) and Astigmatism

BSc Optometry Books

Here are some recommended textbooks for BSc Optometry:

  • Optical Physics Textbook by Ariel Lipson, Henry Lipson, and S. G Lipson (2010)
  • Essentials of Biochemistry & Ocular Biochemistry (1992) by Dr. S. Ramakrishnan, Publications Division, Annamalai University
  • Clinical Ophthalmology, 2nd Edition (1989) by Jack J. Kanski, Butterworths
  • Clinical Optics (1996) by T. E. Fannin & T. Grosvenor
  • Vision of the Aging Patient, An Optometric Symposium (1960) by Hirsch M. J. & Wick R. E.
  • Clinical Anatomy of the Eye by S. Snell & A. Lemp

These resources cover essential topics in optical physics, biochemistry, clinical ophthalmology, clinical optics, and clinical anatomy relevant to the field of optometry.

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